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Great Chicago Fire

October 26th 2009 01:43
great chicago fire
Corner of Wabash and Washington Streets. The ruins of the Second Presbyterian Church are in the background

The Great Chicago Fire burned from Sunday, October 8, to early Tuesday, October 10, 1871, killing hundreds and destroying about four square miles in Chicago, Illinois. Though the fire was one of the largest U.S. disasters of the 19th century, the rebuilding that began almost immediately spurred Chicago's development into one of the most populous and economically important American cities.

Great Chicago Fire of 1871
Looking towards Chicago River

The fire started at about 9 p.m. on Sunday, October 8, in or around a small shed that bordered the alley behind 137 DeKoven Street. The traditional account of the origin of the fire is that it was started by a cow kicking over a lantern in the barn owned by Patrick and Catherine O'Leary. Michael Ahern, the Chicago Republican reporter who created the cow story, admitted in 1893 that he had made it up because he thought it would make colourful copy.

Chicago Fire
Ruins of a courthouse and City Hall, looking north on Clark Street from Adams Street

The fire's spread was aided by the city's overuse of wood for building, a drought prior to the fire, and strong winds from the southwest that carried flying embers toward the heart of the city. The city also made fatal errors by not reacting soon enough and citizens were apparently unconcerned when it began. The firefighters were also exhausted from fighting a fire that happened the day before.
Great Chicago Fire
Courthouse and City Hall




*This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia page for Great Chicago Fire.
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